Arthritis - painful inflammation of a joint or joints of the body, usually producing heat and redness. There are many kinds of arthritis. In its various forms, arthritis disables more people than any other chronic disorder. The condition can be brought about by nerve impairment, increased or decreased function of the endocrine glands, or degeneration due to age. Less frequently, it is caused by infection ( tuberculosis, gonorrhea, Lyme disease, rheumatic fever).

Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease of unknown cause, is the most crippling form. Women are much more susceptible to it than men. Although rheumatoid arthritis usually appears between the ages of 25 and 50, it also occurs in children. Osteoarthritis, the most common type, occurs usually in people over 50. It tends to be more severe when the joints have been strained by obesity or overwork. Gout, the third most common form of arthritis, affects men almost exclusively.

Symptomatic treatment for arthritis includes use of heat, physical therapy, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as cox-2 inhibitors (Celebrex and Vioxx), aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Remission of symptoms can sometimes be achieved with methotrexate, gold salts, penicillamine, and short-term cortisone, but they often have undesirable side effects. Orthopedic surgery, including artificial joint implantation, may be done in severe cases.

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The Prevalence of Arthritis and Activity Limitation and Their Predictors in Missouri, in Journal of Community Health
by Joseph A. Vradenburg, Eduardo J. Simoes, Jeannette Jackson-Thompson, Theophile Murayi. 17 pgs. Journal Article

Dimensional Complexity of Older Patients' Illness Representations of Arthritis and Diabetes, in Basic and Applied Social Psychology
by Sarah E. Hampson, Russell E. Glasgow. 15 pgs. Journal Article

The Role of Leisure Style in Maintaining the Health of Older Adults with Arthritis, in Journal of Leisure Research
by Julian Montoro-Rodriguez, Andrew J. Mowen, Laura L. Payne. 25 pgs. Journal Article
Handbook of Pain Syndromes: Biopsychosocial Perspectives (Chap. 13 "Pain in Patients with Rheumatic Disease")
by Andrew R. Block, Edwin F. Kremer, Ephrem Fernandez. 692 pgs. Book

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Title Page
Part I: General Considerations
Chapter 1: Epidemiology of Chronic Pain
Chapter 2: Models of Pain
Chapter 3: Detecting Deception and Malingering
Chapter 4: Chronic Pain on Trial: the Influence of Litigation and Compensation on Chronic Pain Syndromes
Chapter 5: Clinical Outcome and Economic Evaluation of Multidisciplinary Pain Centers
Chapter 6: Motivation and Adherence in the Management of Chronic Pain
Chapter 7: A Framework for Conceptualization and Assessment of Affective Disturbance in Pain
Chapter 8: Pharmacological Treatment in Chronic Pain
Part II: Specific Pain Syndromes
Section A: Orthopedic and Rheumatologic Conditions
Chapter 10: Surgery for Chronic Spine Pain
Chapter 11: Psychological Factors Influencing Treatment of Temporomandibular Disorders
Chapter 12: Whiplash Injuries
Chapter 13: Pain in Patients with Rheumatic Disease
Section B: Neurological Conditions
Chapter 14: Headache
Chapter 15: Chronic Posttraumatic Headache
Chapter 16: Complex Regional Pain Syndromes: an Interdisciplinary Perspective
Chapter 17: Pain in Multiple Sclerosis and the Muscular Dystrophies
Chapter 18: A Belt of Roses from Hell: Pain in Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia
Chapter 19: Phantom Limb Pain
Chapter 20: Trigeminal Neuralgia
Section C: Pelvic and Abdominal Syndromes
Chapter 21: Chronic Pelvic Pain
Chapter 22: Functional Gastrointestinal Pain Syndromes
Part III: Special Populations
Chapter 23: Cancer Pain
Chapter 24: Chronic and Recurrent Pain in Children
Chapter 25: Geriatric Benign Chronic Pain: an Overview
Chapter 26: Sickle Cell Disease
Chapter 27: Burn Pain
Chapter 28: Somatization, Hypochondriasis, and Related Conditions
Author Index
Subject Index

Agency and Communion in People with Rheumatoid Arthritis, in Sex Roles: A Journal of Research
by Kimberlee J. Trudeau, Sharon Danoff-Burg, Tracey A. Revenson, Stephen A. Paget. 9 pgs. Journal Article

Over 55: A Handbook on Health ("Arthritis" begins on p. 1)
by Theodore G. Duncan. 670 pgs. Book

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Title Page
Orthopedic Disorders
The Heart and Circulation
Chest and Lung Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Disease
High Blood Pressure and the Older Person
Lipids (fats) and the Risk of Heart Attack
Kidney Disease
Urologic Problems
Neurologic Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gynecological Problems
Infectious Diseases
Head and Throat Disorders
Eye Problems
Skin Disorders
Dental Care for the Older Patient
Foot Health
Physical Therapy for the Over-55 Patient
Diet and Nutrition
Physical Fitness
Plastic Surgery
Sex After 55
Psychiatric Problems
Coping with Crisis
Living Together and Living Apart
Population Trends of Older Americans
Boarding and Nursing Homes
The Hospital
The U.S. Hospice Movement
Retirement Income: Social Security and Supplemental Security
Retirement Income: Private
Property Management: Protecting, Giving, and Leaving It
Funerals, Burial, and Cremation

The Body in Everyday Life (Chap. 7 "Falling out with My Shadow: Lay Perceptions of the Body in the Context of Arthritis")
by Sarah Nettleton, Jonathan Watson. 308 pgs. Book

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This book sets out to explore how ordinary women, men and children talk about their bodies and how they experience them in a variety of situations. The subject is covered through four central themes -- physical and emotional bodies; illness and disability; gender; and aging.
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Title Page
Chapter 1: The Body in Everyday Life
Part I: Physical and Emotional Bodies
Chapter 2: The Body as a Chemistry Experiment
Chapter 3: Immunology on the Street
Chapter 4: ‘feeling Letdown’
Chapter 5: Going with the Flow
Part II: Health and Illness
Chapter 6: Malignant Bodies
Chapter 7: Falling Out with My Shadow
Chapter 8: The Body, Health and Self in the Middle Years
Part III: Gender
Chapter 9: Running Around like a Lunatic
Chapter 10: The Body Resists
Chapter 11: Natural for Women, Abnormal for Men
Chapter 12: Embodied Obligation
Part IV: Ageing
Chapter 13: The Sight of Age
Chapter 14: ‘growing Old Gracefully’ as Opposed to ‘mutton Dressed as Lamb’
Chapter 15: The Male Menopause
Technology and Methods in Behavioral Medicine (Chap. 8 "Self-Report Measures in the Assessment of Rheumatoid Arthritis, with an Emphasis on Ecological Validity")
by David S. Krantz, Andrew Baum. 305 pgs. Book

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Title Page
Perspectives in Behavioral Medicine Sponsored by the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research
List of Contributors
I Biological and Behavioral Assessment Techniques
Chapter 1 Biological Bases for Genetic Risk Testing
Chapter 2 Psychological Aspects of Genetic Testing for Cancer Susceptibility
Chapter 3 Adrenocortical Responsiveness to Psychosocial Stress in Humans: Sources of Interindividual Differences
Chapter 4 Laboratory Techniques for Assessing the Presence and Magnitude of Mental Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
Chapter 5 Applications of Neuropsychological Assessment to the Study of Cardiovascular Disease
Chapter 6 Electronic Methods in Assessing Adherence to Medical Regimens
II Ambulatory Monitoring of Psychological States
Chapter 7 Ecological Momentary Assessment: A New Tool for Behavioral Medicine Research
Chapter 8 Self-Report Measures in the Assessment of Rheumatoid Arthritis, with an Emphasis on Ecological Validity
Chapter 9 The Diary of Ambulatory Behavioral States: A New Approach to the Assessment of Psychosocial Influences on Ambulatory Cardiovascular Activity
Chapter 10 Mood, Blood Pressure, and Heart Rate: Strategies for Developing a More Effective Ambulatory Mood Diary
Appendix: Mood Adjectives (Frequencies) Chosen by Subjects in Study 5
III Conceptual Models
Chapter 11 The Cognitive-Social Health Information-Processing (C-Ship) Model: A Theoretical Framework for Research in Behavioral Oncology
Chapter 12 Cardiovascular Reactivity and Its Relation to Cardiovascular Disease Risk
Author Index

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